Income Distribution, Pre-Distribution and Re-Distribution: Latest data for the Republic of Ireland
The latest income distribution data for Ireland comes from the 2011 CSO Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), released in 2013.
This Research inBrief uses that data to examine the distribution of income pre and post redistribution. While policy tends to focus on the level of post-distribution income inequality (after taxes and welfare payments), it is important to consider the starting point for policy, the pre-distribution structure of direct (market) income.
This paper outlines the structure of Ireland's income distribution across households assessing direct income (earnings), gross income (earnings plus welfare) and disposable income (earnings plus welfare minus income taxes and social insurance). It also quantifies the impact of Ireland's redistribution system on income inequality.