One of the impacts of the recent economic crisis is that new expressions have been added to the English language, as spoken here. One such example is ‘fiscal space’. When the economy is growing there is, at one and the same time, more demand for public services (more school pupils and more demand for health services for examlpe) as well as less demand for other public services (when there are fewer persons unemployed). Rising or ageing population also impact on demand for public services and pensions. Alongside changes in spending that are ‘cyclical’ revenue trends so that there is a natural jump in revenue as people spend more and receive higher incomes – boosting state coffers. Separating out the temporary ‘cyclical’ effects and the ‘structural’ effects is not at all easy for economists and statisticians.